Meaning of Feast of Trumpets
Meaning of the “Feast of Trumpets”
(Properly Memorial of Teruwa)
This article claims that the Memorial of Teruwa, mentioned in Leviticus 23:24, was intended by God to typify the marriage between Christ and the Church that takes place at the first resurrection. Thus, setting in place the living, spiritual foundation (the marriage) upon which the spirit being children produced will establish their lives.
Many of God’s people today observe what they call the “Feast of Trumpets” yet seem to have missed the fact that the Hebrew word teruwa, mentioned in Leviticus 23:24, does not mean trumpets, but refers to a type of noise that can either be produced by a trumpet or by some other means. It is claimed by many of God’s people that the Holy day is about the return of Christ in the clouds and the first resurrection. However, because of too much focus on the English word trumpets in the bible instead of the Hebrew word teruwa, which does not always refer to blowing of trumpets, it is not generally understood that the purpose of the festival for Christians is to celebrate a type of wedding. In other words, the setting in place of God’s new spirit being family management structure. A structure that had never previously existed in God’s world of spirit beings. Subsequently, the point not emphasized by many of God’s people is that Christ’s return (grooms arrival) and the uniting of those in the first resurrection with Christ is a type of marriage (family management structure) – and that under the New Covenant the Holy Day was intended to celebrate that aspect.
Neither is the festival a celebration, memorial or focus about the pouring out of trumpet plagues, as some would have it, for the overall context of God’s festivals is that they are celebrations about the various stages of God’s plan of salvation and are times to rejoice (Deuteronomy 12:5-12). It also makes little sense that the Feast of Teruwa is about pouring out of plagues because God does not celebrates or take pleasure in the death of the wicked (Ezekiel 33:11). Rather, as will be demonstrated in this article, the Feast of Teruwa is a celebration concerning the marriage between Christ and the Church. In other words, just like human families are founded upon a husband and wife structure, so too will the great future spiritual family of God consisting of spirit beings be similar. The analogy God uses to describe the type of future structure is clear. Christ will marry those in the first resurrection and together they will administer God’s way of life, to which the rest of the family of spirit beings (the children) are going to willingly comply for eternity. It is therefore not without purpose that humanity has experienced the family structure on a physical level, for it preparation for the future.
Now, in order to find the evidence that reveals the above mentioned spiritual meaning of this festival it is important to do the following:
1) Obtain a clear understanding of what the Hebrew word teruwa means.
2) Take into account how the spiritual event pictured by Feast of Teruwa must be at the centre the two main stages of God’s plan of salvation – because according to God’s calendar the Memorial of Teruwa falls between Pentecost and the Day of Atonement.
3) Examine where teruwa (not the English word trumpet) is mentioned in Old Testament verses to find types indicating what event in God’s plan of salvation the Feast of Teruwa typifies.
4) Understand that the Feast of Teruwa was instituted as a memorial of a very significant event in ancient Israel’s history, which typifies a very important event in God’s plan of salvation
What does the Hebrew word teruwa mean?
To establish the meaning the Memorial of Teruwa it is important to understand what the Hebrew word teruwa actually means. This is very important because many have assumed that the word means trumpets – when it does NOT. The two Hebrew words normally used for trumpet are as follows:
shophar (shofar) – horn or ram’s horn: meaning trumpet or cornet and generally used in a call for war (also seen in Judge 3:27; 6:34; 1Samuel 13:3; 2Samuel 15:10; and 20:1); and
chatsotserah (khatsotseraw) – trumpet or clarion: meaning trumpet and was used as the priest’s sound of alarm (also seen in 2 Chronicles 13:12-16 and Numbers 31:6).
According to Strong’s Hebrew dictionary, the base meaning of the Hebrew word teruwa is CLAMOR and depending on the context of a particular verse it is used to either refer to the type of clamor involved with acclamation of joy or the type of clamor to do with battle cry. It is also often used to refer to the discordant noise of trumpets when sounded as an alarm:
OT: 8643 teruw`ah (ter-oo-aw'); from OT: 7321; clamor, i.e. acclamation of joy or a battle-cry; especially clangour of trumpets, as an alarm...
Today, the English word clamor (loud discordant noise) often may be thought to have only negative connotations, but like in Strong’s time it can also be a noise of celebration or approval etc. However, the notion that that the Feast of Teruwa is about celebrating warfare or the pouring out of plagues will not be part of our investigation in this article, for reasons already mentioned in the introduction.
It is also relevant to know that the Hebrew teruwa is formed from the word ruwa (OT 7321), which according to Strong’s, when used figuratively, refers to an ear splitting type of sound, so to speak:
OT: 7321 ruwa` (roo-ah'); a primitive root; to mar (especially by breaking); figuratively, to split the ears (with sound), i.e. shout (for alarm or joy).
Therefore, taking into account the definition of the Hebrew root word ruwa, the loud discordant noise (not just a sound) involved with the Hebrew word teruwa must be, to say the least, VERY loud indeed.
This same Hebrew word teruwa according to Bible Soft Theological word book of the Old Testament is mentioned 42 times in the Old Testament and the King James Version of the Bible translates the word into the following English words
OT: 8643 KJV - alarm, blow (-ing) (of, the) (trumpets), joy, jubilee, loud noise, rejoicing, shout (-ing), (high, joyful) sound (-ing). (Biblesoft's New Exhaustive Strong's Numbers and Concordance)
Depending on the context in which teruwa is used, it can refer to shouting, trumpets blowing, cymbals clanging, etc. Hence, the way some bible versions have translated the word into English. However, it never refers to a trumpet, but may refer to some loud discordant noise produced by a trumpet when blown a certain way. As mentioned already, there are other Hebrew words that refer to trumpet instruments. Teruwa can be a noise sounded in the context of war, joy, rejoicing, applause, approval, or any other context.
Teruwa - translated Jubilee
In Leviticus 25:9, teruwa is translated by the KJV and the NKJV into the English word Jubilee:
“Then you shall cause the trumpet [OT: 7782; Cornet or Rams horn] of the Jubilee [OT: 8643; clamour] to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land.” (NKJV).
However the KJV and the NJKV are pretty much on their own in translating teruwa into Jubilee. Most other translators leave out the word jubilee and just refer to a trumpet sounding on the Day of Atonement during the year of Jubilee. The discordant noise sounded on that day could be produced by a single trumpet, depending on how it is blown, or be produced by several horns in different locations blown throughout the land at the same time. An example of how most do NOT translate teruwa as Jubilee in Leviticus 25:9 is the following:
“Then sound loud blasts [OT: 8643; teruwa] on the ram’s horn on the tenth day of the seventh month, the Day of Atonement. Sound the ram’s horn all over the land.” (The Message).
It should be noted that a ram’s horn is quite capable of blowing a loud discordant noise. It just depends on how it is blown. It can either sound a tune or can be blown to just make a loud noise. It depends upon the occasion. The context in which the sound is made can vary. It can make the type of loud discordant noise involved with celebration, approval, acclamation etc, or can be blown in a similar way as an alarm in warfare. For examples of the different types of sounds it can produce all one has to do is search the internet.
Having established the meaning of the word teruwa and its root word ruwa, we now need to determine the time frame in which the spiritual event typified by the Memorial of Teruwa takes place.
Feast of Teruwa - center of two stages of God’s plan of salvation.
Indications are that The Memorial of Teruwa typifies an event at the center of two major stages of God’s plan of salvation. The first stage being about reconciliation, living God’s way of life, and ascension (salvation) regarding those who will be in the first resurrection – and the second stage being about reconciliation, living God’s way of life, and ascension (salvation) regarding the rest of humanity who will take part in the second ascension to eternal. The reason that indicates this memorial typifies an event at the centre of the two stages of God’s plan of Salvation is: on God’s calendar it is situated between the Feast of Pentecost and the Day of Atonement, which typify the following:
Feast of Weeks: A celebration concerning the spiritual first-fruit wheat offering. In other words, the ascension to spirit beings of those predestined to be in the first resurrection. Thus ending the first main stage of Gods plan of salvation.
Atonement: Typifying reconciliation of the rest of humanity who were NOT in the first resurrection, as well as the banishing of Satan. Thus beginning the second main stage of God’s plan of salvation.
Note: Even though the Feast of Teruwa also involves the resurrection of the firstfruits, like the Feast of Weeks, it is only the aspect of marriage that was intended to be celebrated, which is the event that begins the second stage of the plan of salvation – and therefore is a logical reason for placing the day near the beginning of the latter harvest season in Israel and just before Atonement. The purpose of the marriage between Christ and the ascended church being for the production of spiritual children, or if you like, to do with bringing into fruition the latter spiritual harvest. Whereas, the purpose of the Feast of Weeks is to celebrate the salvation of the firstfruits and so it is logical to place that aspect of the celebration in the first harvest season in ancient Israel.
Now, having established the meaning of the Hebrew word teruwa, and that the spiritual event that the Feast of Teruwa typifies is in the center of the two main stages of God’s plan of salvation, we need to see where the Hebrew word is used in the Old Testament in connection with significant physical events that point to the Feast of Teruwa’s ultimate spiritual meaning for New Testament Christians. However, for reasons already explained at the beginning of this article, we will not be spending time looking for verses involving a teruwa type noise to do with warfare.
At this stage it is also worth noting that wherever the word teruwa or ruwa is mentioned to express loud ear splitting celebratory sounds, in connection with significant events recorded in the Old Testament, there is a connection regarding the meaning of the Feast of Teruwa.
Feast of Teruwa connected with Christ’s presence
Some of the most telling verses in the Old Testament indicating the meaning of the Feast of Teruwa are verses in which the Hebrew word teruwa or its root word ruwa are used. These verses involve the type of loud celebratory ear splitting noise of approval or praise associated with the presence of Christ as King. While by themselves, as we will see later in this article, these verses do not give the full picture of what future spiritual event the Feast of Teruwa typifies, and need to be put together with other verses, they do indicate that the spiritual fulfillment takes place after Christ returns, and includes his presence.
The first example of an Old Testament verse where the Hebrew word ruwa and teruwa are mentioned with regard to Christ’s presence (the husband) is in Psalms 47:1-7:
“Oh, clap your hands, all you peoples! Shout (OT: 7321; ruwa) to God with the voice of triumph! For the Lord Most High is awesome; He is a great King over all the earth. He will subdue the peoples under us, And the nations under our feet. He will choose our inheritance for us, The excellence of Jacob whom He loves.
God has gone up with a shout (OT 8643: teruwa), The Lord with the sound of a trumpet. Sing praises to God, sing praises! Sing praises to our King, sing praises! For God is the King of all the earth; Sing praises with understanding.” (NKJV).
This association of the word teruwa and the word ruwa (the root of the word teruwa) with the presence of Christ (the God of the Old Testament) continues in verses concerning the Ark of the Covenant. This Ark of the Covenant, apart from containing the Old Covenant law, symbolized the presence of the God of ancient Israel (Christ). It was also where He communicated (Exodus 25:21-22) to Moses:
“And when the ark of the covenant of the Lord came into the camp, all Israel shouted (OT: 7321) so loudly (OT: 8643) that the earth shook. Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, (OT; 8643) they said, "What does the sound of this great shout (OT: 8643) in the camp of the Hebrews mean?" Then they understood that the ark of the Lord had come into the camp. So the Philistines were afraid, for they said, "God has come into the camp!"(1 Samuel 4:5-7; NKJV).
“Then David danced before the Lord with all his might; and David was wearing a linen ephod. So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the Lord with shouting (OT; 8643) and with the sound of the trumpet.” (2 Samuel 6:14-15; NKJV).
Numbers 23:21 is also an indirect reference to the Ark of the Covenant and once again associates the Hebrew word teruwa with the presence of the God of the Old Testament – CHRIST:
"He has not observed iniquity in Jacob, Nor has He seen wickedness in Israel. The Lord his God is with him, And the shout (OT; 8643) of a King is among them.” (Numbers 23:21; NKJV)
Finally, the word teruwa and the word ruwa are associated with the fall of the walls of Jericho and its captivity when the Ark (signifying the presence of the God of Israel) circled the city as mentioned in Joshua 6:2-16. Once gain signifying the presence of Christ, who was the God of the Old Testament, but more importantly will be present on earth, along with His wife, at the start of the millennium.
Summarizing the territory thus far, it is clear that the word teruwa is a noise often associated with the presence of the King of Israel (God of the Old Testament), often represented by the Ark of the Covenant. However, for the full meaning of what the Feast of Teruwa typifies we now need to examine two other important Old Testament scriptures that together describe the setting in place of an important spiritual foundation.
Feast of Teruwa about an important foundation
There are two verses in the Old Testament, involving the Hebrew words teruwa and ruwa that describe ear splitting sounds of great celebration and both concern the laying of important physical foundations. Together these verses point to the meaning of the Feast of Teruwa. The first verse typifies Christ taking up his position as head of the family by marrying his betrothed church; an event, according to Revelation 19:7, that takes place at the time of the first resurrection – not before. The second verse also typifies the same marriage. We will now examine each of the two passages.
Corner stone of universe laid.
The very first ear splitting celebratory sound recorded in the Bible involves the word ruwa, and is found in Job 38:4-7. This verse makes reference to an extremely significant event – the setting in place of the cornerstone of the universe:
"Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? [the universe] Tell Me, if you have understanding. Who determined its measurements? Surely you know! Or who stretched the line upon it? To what were its foundations fastened? Or who laid its cornerstone, [typifying Christ] When the morning stars sang together, And all the sons of God shouted [OT: 7321 ruwa] for joy? (Job 38:4-7; NKJV; my comments added in brackets ).
In the above verse, the earth is likened to a building with foundations, which is the same way God describes His people in whom He dwells (like a temple building). There is also mention of the laying of a cornerstone. When looking for a spiritual type regarding Job 38:4-7, it is difficult to ignore the fact that Christ in four bible passages is referred to by analogy as the chief cornerstone. One such verse is 1Peter 2:6-7:
“ Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner,...” (KJV).
However, the description of Christ as a chief or head corner stone is only an analogy. The reality is that God’s plan is not to build a physical building, but a family consisting of spirit beings. Thus, it was determined from the beginning that Christ would become God’s son and take up a leadership position in the new family structure under God the Father by becoming a type of husband to those in the first resurrection. The wife’s role being to help Christ administer a type of family government under which children of the marriage (those in the second ascension) would willingly comply.
Thus, from the above, it follows that Job 38: 4-7 typifies the time when Christ marries the ascended church at the time of the first resurrection. Even though Christ is described as the head of the Church, consisting of converted human beings, soon after He was resurrected three days after his death, God never refers to that relationship as a marriage; rather it is described as a betrothal (2Corinthians 11:2). However, it was a type of the final reality which it pictured. Revelation 19-7 plainly shows when the marriage takes place – at the time of the first resurrection. Thus, it is the time when the head cornerstone is laid, so to speak. The fact that the Feast of Teruwa typifies an event in the future, which is at the centre of the first and second stage of God’s plan of salvation is also evidence that the festival is about Christ becoming the head of the corner when he returns and marries his wife – not before.
The above explanation provides the first piece of evidence pointing to the meaning of the Feast of Teruwa. The laying of the cornerstone in Job 38:4-7 was cause of great celebration, and involved the word ruwa (root of the word teruwa) to refer to ear splitting shouts or expressions of joy and approval by the Angels. The same kind of celebratory sound involved with the Feast of Teruwa. We will now examine the second verse in the Old Testament in which the word teruwa is used; once again to do with the laying of an important foundation.
The foundation of God’s temple
The other verse concerning foundations is Ezra 3:10-13 and provides one of the strongest pieces of evidence that the Feast of Teruwa is about the marriage between Christ and the ascended church (those in the first resurrection):
“When the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the Lord, the priests stood in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with cymbals, to praise the Lord, according to the ... And they sang responsively, praising and giving thanks to the Lord:... Then all the people shouted (OT: 7321; ruwa) with a great shout (OT: 8643; teruwa), when they praised the Lord, because the foundation of the house of the Lord was laid. But many of the priests and Levites and heads of the fathers' houses, old men who had seen the first temple, wept with a loud voice when the foundation of this temple was laid before their eyes. Yet many shouted aloud (OT: 8643 teruwa) for joy, so that the people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from the noise of the weeping of the people, for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the sound was heard afar off.” (Ezra 3:10-13; NKJV).
Notice above, how in Ezra 3:10-13, we again find the words teruwa and ruwa, to describe another ear splitting noise of celebration and approval. However, in this verse it is associated with the laying of the foundation (not just a cornerstone) of the second temple in Jerusalem after the first temple had been destroyed by the Babylonian empire.
To see evidence that the laying of the physical foundation for the physical temple (God’s OT dwelling place) typifies a kind of spiritual foundation similar to what the account in Job 38:4-7 pictures spiritually – all we have to do is look in the New Testament where it mentions, Christ, the apostles, the prophets as the foundation upon which the rest of the spiritual temple, are to build. (Isaiah 28:16; 1Corinthians 3:11; Ephesians 2.20; 1Peter 2:6; I Corinthians3:16; I Corinthians 6:19; Ephesians 2:21; John 2:19). In that context the analogy of the building of a temple refers to Christians in this age (after Christ). However, that is only a type of an ultimate spiritual foundation that God is going to set in place immediately after Christ’s return, upon which the rest of glorified humanity will base their glorified life.
The foundation at that time, as already discussed, will consist of Christ and those in the first resurrection. Like the foundation set in place for the benefit of the New Testament Church consisted of Christ and a group of helpers called Prophets and Apostles, so too will the foundational administrative structure be similar at the time of the first resurrection. It will then consist of Christ and his ascended wife. Together they will administer God’s law and way of life, and like children of an ideal physical marriage, the rest of glorified humanity will be guided by their spiritual parents for eternity.
We can be confident that Ezra 3:10-13 refers to an ultimate spirit being level fulfilment (although there may other conversion level types) – because the event typified by the Feast of Teruwa, as already mentioned, takes place between the two stages of God’s plan of salvation.
We will now examine how the Feast of Teruwa was a memorial of a significant past event involving unforgettable teruwa noise.
Feast of Teruwa – a memorial
Many who have considered the meaning of the Feast of Teruwa seem to have overlooked that the festival was intended to be observed by Israel as a memorial of a past event in their history, even though they rebelled against God and soon forgot what it was about:
“Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.” (Leviticus 23:24; NKJV).
It seems that the thinking by a number Church of God writers, concerning the memorial aspect for the ancient Israelites, goes no further than thinking that the day was simply a day to blow trumpets and should not be forgotten by the Israelites (for some unknown reason) – rather than think the ear splitting, discordant noise, that can be produced by the blowing of trumpets or by other means, may be connected with a significant event in Israel’s history in which the same type of ear splitting noise was unforgettably present. One such ex worldwide long time church of God minister wrote the following in a recent article on the web, which is probably similar to the views of many Church of God writers about the subject, even though they may not have articulated their view as plainly like stated here:
“The Feast of Trumpets is an anomaly among the holy days. When it was instituted, it had no obvious meaning... Odd isn't it in a way? That this one holy day seems to have almost no significance in its origins. It was not very meaningful then. It was left to Jesus Christ to give it meaning.”
The writer of the above also believes that the Feast of “Trumpets” is about the plagues poured out during the “Day of the Lord”, as if the festivals, that God says are times to rejoice, were intended to celebrate doom and gloom.
Anyway, leaving that aside, as mentioned above in Leviticus 23:24, the festival was instituted by God to be a memorial. In this regard, it needs considered that this concept of memorial is not unique concerning Holy Days, as the following examples show:
1) Passover – memorial of death Angel passing over houses of Israel in Egypt.
2) Feast of Unleavened Bread – memorial of God of the time God brought Israel out of Egypt.
3) Feast of Tabernacles – memorial of Israel’s dwelling in booths during their journey to the Promised Land.
All the above events were memorials of significant events that took place in Israel’s history. It is also not without significance that they were also stepping stones towards Israel’s promised rest in the land of Canaan. Why then do we think the Feast of Teruwa is any different? Surely, like the others, the day was a memorial of a significant event in ancient Israel’s history and a stepping stone or necessary stage for reaching their final destination – the land of Canaan. Where is the sense in thinking that the memorial for the Israelites had no meaning other than remembering to blow trumpets and make ear splitting noises for an unknown reason. No, I suggest we search ancient Israel’s history to find an important event worthy of great celebration and marked by unforgettable ear splitting teruwa type noise.
Feast of Teruwa – memorial of Old Covenant
Examination of verses involving ear spitting noises of the exceedingly loud blast of a trumpet and the clatter of thunder in Exodus 19:16-19 shows that the Feast of Teruwa for the ancient Israelites was a memorial of the time when their God (Christ) descended on Mt Sinai in a cloud and made the Old Covenant. Even though in this case God did not choose to use the words teruwa or ruwa to describe the aspect of clamor resulting from exceedingly loud trumpet blasts combined with the clatter of thunder, there is no doubt that a teruwa (clamor) sound was present. It certainly wasn't an organized sound of music. This is NOT an unreasonable conclusion because, as we have been reading in this article, Christ’s presence or symbolic presence was invariably marked with that type of celebratory teruwa sound. Why would it be diffgerent in this case?
Apart from that, there is simply no other significant event in Israel’s journey to their land of rest that was marked by a significant type of sound. It was the day Christ engaged in the making of the Old Covenant with Israel by spelling out the terms of the agreement (his law) to which the Israelites agreed in exchange for Christ’s promise to provide and protect. This agreement resembled what God’s said about marriage in the New Testament when He stated that the wife was to obey her husband, and that a husband was to love his wife. In the case of ancient Israel they were commanded to obey in exchange for God’s promised love which would be expressed by providing them with protection and physical blessing. (Ephesians 5:24-25; 1Peter 3:5; Titus 2:5). In fact, in the Book of Jeremiah it is plain that God looked upon the Old Covenant as a type of marriage covenant:
"Return, O backsliding children," says the Lord; "for I am married to you. I will take you, one from a city and two from a family, and I will bring you to Zion” (Jeremiah 3:14. NKJV).
“My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the Lord.” (Jeremiah 31:32-333
Christ’s entry and presence upon Mt Sinai was in typical fashion accompanied by teruwa type noise which as we have seen in the Old Testament was often involved with the presence of a King In this case it was the ear splitting blast of a trumpet and loud noise of thunder. Now many have viewed what happened at Mt Sinai as merely the time the law was given, (10 commandments), however to do this is to miss the full picture of what Christ did that day. The day was not merely about giving the law, but about the making of a covenant (an agreement). If you can see the difference. In other words, the day was about the God of Israel making a marriage agreement with his betrothed, or if you like about the time Christ married Israel.
Also, many have not connected Christ’s descent on Mt Sinai to the Feast of Teruwa (“trumpets”). Rather, they have connected it with Pentecost. However, in ancient Israel what is known today as Pentecost was called in ancient Israel the Feast of weeks or Feast of Harvest (of the first-fruit offering) – and was NOT a memorial of what happened at Mt Sinai. Yes, there is indication that descent of Christ upon Mt Sinai may have taken place on the day of Pentecost. However, the reason for this, according to the understanding of this writer, is because the meaning of Pentecost and the meaning Feast of Teruwa both involve the first resurrection – and that whereas Pentecost celebrates the aspect of salvation of the first-fruits, the Feast of Teruwa celebrates the aspect of being united in marriage with Christ in a family type management structure for the purpose of saving for the rest of humanity. This view regarding the meaning of Pentecost is contrary to what is commonly believed among the various Church of God corporate entities, and will be the next subject of another article which will be about the Feast of Weeks. However, suffice to say, that what they believe is the ultimate fulfillment of what Pentecost typifies, is only a type of the ultimate fulfillment. The ultimate spiritual harvest being about ascension of the first-fruits into the Kingdom as spirit beings – not a harvesting into the Church consisting of human beings by the granting of the Holy Spirit. The timing of Christ’s descent in the clouds upon Mt Sinai by God (picturing the second coming) on the day of Pentecost would also support that Pentecost is about the first resurrection.
Read now about the presence of Christ on the day He descended in the clouds upon Mount Sinai (type of second coming in the clouds), and then entered into a marriage covenant with ancient Israel, beginning with writing the ten commandments on tables of stone. Notice the great ear splitting (to say the least) noise of the trumpet accompanied by great noise of thunder as the groom arrived for the wedding so to speak. The words teruwa and ruwa are not used, but the same type of sound (earsplitting clamour) was unmistakably present:
“And it came to pass on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunders and lightnings and a heavy cloud on the mountain, and the sound of the trumpet exceeding loud; and the whole people that was in the camp trembled. And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the foot of the mountain. And the whole of mount Sinai smoked, because Jehovah descended on it in fire; and its smoke ascended as the smoke of a furnace; and the whole mountain shook greatly. And the sound of the trumpet increased and became exceeding loud; Moses spoke, and God answered him by a voice. (Exodus 19:16-19; Darby)
God then spoke the Ten Commandments as well as various judgments etc (Exodus 20-23). And Israel later agreed to the terms of the covenant arrangement:
“So Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the judgments. And all the people answered with one voice and said, "All the words which the Lord has said we will do." (Exodus 24:3-4; NKJV).
It is also significant that there was great ear splitting celebratory noise involving the Hebrew word teruwa when Judah, after going astray, renewed their marriage vows, so to speak, when they recommitted themselves to seek God once more:
“So they gathered together at Jerusalem in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. And they offered to the Lord at that time seven hundred bulls and seven thousand sheep from the spoil they had brought. Then they entered into a covenant to seek the Lord God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul; and whoever would not seek the Lord God of Israel was to be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman. Then they took an oath before the Lord with a loud voice, with shouting [teruwa OT: 8643] and trumpets and rams' horns. And all Judah rejoiced at the oath, for they had sworn with all their heart and sought Him with all their soul; and He was found by them, and the Lord gave them rest all around”. (2 Chronicles 15:10-15; NKJV).
What spiritual event then does the time Christ descended in the clouds to marry his wife, ancient Israel, typify?
Feast of Teruwa – about marriage between Christ and his wife
Having now established that the Feast of Teruwa was for the ancient Israelites a memorial of the time Christ descended upon Mt Sinai and made a marriage type of covenant with Israel, it starts to become clear that the Feast of Teruwa for Christians today was intended by God to point to the time in the future when Christ will descend from heaven and marry those in the first resurrection.
Regarding the physical type, Christ descended in the clouds at Mt Sinai, met with the Israelites, and then proceeded to write the old covenant law on tables of stone. However, regarding the reality, Christ is going to come and meet his people in the clouds (Matthew 24:30; Matthew 26:64) at the first resurrection – thus uniting the church with Christ in a type of marriage relationship. It is at that simultaneous time God will write his spiritual law in the hearts of His first-fruit people, which according to Jeremiah 31:33 is synonymous with making a new covenant:
“But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.”(
Jeremiah 31:33; NKJV).
In the case of those in the first resurrection, the new covenant is a type of marriage covenant.
It needs to be noted at this point, that any references in the New Testament that seem to be saying that Christians are already under the new covenant or already have God’s law written into their hearts are either referring to the future or are examples of God calling things that are not yet as though they were already. This principle of God calling things that are not as though they were already is unfortunately not well understood by many in Church of God corporate bodies and is probably part of the reason they have not made the connection between The Feast of Teruwa (“Trumpets”) and what happened at Mt Sinai. Instead they believe that what happened at Mt Sinai typifies the giving of the Holy Spirit on the first day of Pentecost after Christ’s death. However, as already explained, the Mt Sinai event is about marriage (not betrothal) and according to Revelation 19 :6-8 the marriage covenant takes place ONLY in God’s spirit world at the first resurrection and is NEVER mentioned to as taking place before.
Yes, Christ’s presence is involved in the spiritual meaning of the Feast of Teruwa, but in 1Thessalonians 4:16 and Corinthians15:51-53 the first resurrection is mentioned as happening at the same time as the last trumpet (teruwa blast) and therefore is involved in the meaning of the day. The first resurrection being the time the church marries Christ. In other words its the time the church takes up their position as helper to Christ, just like a woman’s intended role regarding physical marriage. Notice now, the strong parallel between what happened at Mt Sinai and the time Christ descends (groom’s arrival) and unites with the Church at the first resurrection in marriage. Like His arrival at Mt Sinai is in typical fashion accompanied by the loud ear splitting sound of a trumpet, so too will it be when He returns to marry those in the first resurrection :
“For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air.”(1Thessalonians 4:16-17; NKJV).
As we have seen in Old Testament verses, Christ’s presence was always signified by teruwa or ruwa type of celebratory noise, and there is no reason to believe the sound of this trumpet was any different. It will also be the time when the first resurrection takes place:
“We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed — in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.” (1 Corinthians 15:51-53; NKJV).
This union with Christ by resurrection (marriage), mentioned in the above verse, is connected with a trumpet teruwa type blast. The same trumpet blast that signifies Christ’s presence at his return mentioned in 1Thessalonians 4:16-17, and therefore, according to the way God describes events in this verse, as well as other material covered so far in this article, shows that the resurrection (marriage) is the full meaning of the Feast of Teruwa.
It is the time of teruwa, not only involving the teruwa type blast of a trumpet as we have seen, but also involving teruwa ear splitting thunderous shouts of praise, like the noise of thunder that took place at Mount Sinai as verses in the book of revelation show :
“And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude, as the sound of many waters and as the sound of mighty thunderings, saying, "Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns! Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready." And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.” (Revelation 19:6-8; NKJV).
Based upon the evidence presented in this article it is therefore concluded that the Feast of Teruwa, was intended by God to be a memorial of not only the Old Covenant physical marriage with ancient Israel, but most importantly a celebration of the future spiritual New Covenant marriage between Christ and His wife – those in the first resurrection.
For another similar article on the meaning of Feast of Trumpets (Teruwa) see below: